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PERHIASAN TUNGGAL

Perhiasan Tunggal is a royal regalia consisting of Payung Diraja, Tombak Tunggal, Kaskul, Perisai Tunggal and Pedang Tunggal.

The Payung Diraja is a Royal Ceremonial Umbrella. It is yellow in colour with a golden top and tasselled with golden beads. The Payung Diraja is used by the Sultan on his way to attend formal ceremonies as a symbol of Royal honour, peace, tranquillity and justice. It is carried by Pengiran Peranakan (descendants of royal blood).

The Perisai Tunggal and Pedang Tunggal consist of Perisai (shield) which is designed with Quranic verses. The Pedang Tunggal is the sword with a gold hilt and scabbard. Both are carried by Pengiran Peranakan to accompany the Sultan when attending a Royal ceremony.

The Tumbak Tunggal is like a spear, and the tip is tasselled with animals' wool. It is carried by Pengiran Peranakan.





KASKUL

The Kaskul is a royal betel caddy which is wrapped with golden cloth (Jong Sarat) or yellow silk studded with golden thread. The Kaskul is carried by a person conferred as a "Pehin Jawatan Dalam' during the arrival of the Sultan to the Lapau on gilded carriage to a Istiadat Berpuspa (Coronation Ceremony).




DIAN TUNGGAL

The Dian Tunggal is a Royal Ceremonial Candle carried ahead of His Majesty the Sultan and members of the Royal family who are on their way to attend a ceremony such as the Istiadat Berbedak Diraja or the Istiadat Bersanding Diraja (Royal Wedding Ceremony) held either during the day or at night.




DIAN MAJLIS

The Dian Majlis is a Royal Ceremonial Candle carried in a particular ceremony. The candle is placed in front of a specific person attending the ceremony. The size and weight of the candle varies according to the rank and the title of the person who attends the ceremony.




DIAN EMPAT

The Dian Empat is a Royal Ceremonial Candle that consists of four candles used in particular ceremonies such as the Istiadat Berpuspa (Coronation Ceremony), Istiadat Bersanding Diraja (Royal Wedding Ceremony), Istiadat Berkhatan Diraja (Royal Circumcision Ceremony) and Istiadat Bertindik (piercing of the ears) and other Royal Ceremonies related either to the Sultan or other members of the Royal family.




DIAN ENAM BELAS

The Dian Enam Belas are Sixteen Royal Ceremonial Candles that are used to accompany the Sultan during the ceremony of Istiadat Bersiram (Royal Bathing Ceremony) which is a ceremony performed before he is installed as the Sultan at the Istiadat Berpuspa (Coronation Ceremony). It is also used to accompany the Royal Bride or Bridegroom during the Istiadat Berbedak, Istiadat Bennai and Istiadat Bersanding or Istiadat Mengantar Tanda Pertunangan.




TIKAR

Tikar is a royal regalia which is carried for the Sultan, Raja Isteri, Pengiran Isteri, or other wives of the Sultan, Begawan Sultan, Suri Seri Begawan Raja, Pengiran Muda Mahkota and wife, Wazir (of royal parentage on both sides), Royal children of the Sultan and Wazir (not of royal parentage) to sit on while attending such a formal ceremony held either at night or during the day where the people present sit cross-legged on the floor. The Tikar is usally made from pandan leaves and it is 26 inches wide. It is covered with silk and the edges are designed with embroideries.




BINTANG PETIAN

Bintang Petian like the Tikar is carried and placed infront of those particular persons, of which in this occasion includes all dignitaries who are bestowed with titles and the Pengiran of royal blood, when attending a formal ceremony held either during the day or at night sitting cross-legged on the floor during the ceremony. Bintang Petian is made of the best wood engraved with particular designs. It looks like a small tray (round) and filled with a Kandi and two small cups. The Kandi is entwined either with gold, silver or bronze engravings according to the status of the persons present during the ceremony.



PASIGUPAN EMAS

Pasigupan Emas an instrument used for smoking and made of gold or as such. There are two of them altogether and carried by two boys who are the sons of the Cheteria during the Coronation Ceremony or during the Royal Wedding Ceremony.




KASUR NAMAT

Kasur and Namat are decoration combined as one. Kasur is a cushion made from cloth with yellow covering. It is treated as the seat cover for the Sultan or the Royal Family during a particular ceremony such as the Royal Wedding Ceremony, or the Royal Circumcision Ceremony. But it is not to be sat on for it is only as a decoration and put on a certain place. Namat is a mat covered with yellow silk and the edges are embroided, with golden thread of air mulih design. This is spread over the Kasur.



SESANDANG

Sesandang is a sash worn on the shoulder.




SIRAT

Sirat is an accessory made of gold used during the Royal Wedding Ceremony.




KIAP

Kiap is a royal accessory and of one pair. On their surface are engraved with the holy words of Al-Quran with golden thread. The Kiap provides the cooling breeze to comfort the intended person during a formal ceremony. The Kiap are carried by two Pahawai adorned like bridegroom. They are especially to attend the royal bridegroom during the Royal Wedding Ceremony.



PEDANG ENAM BELAS AND PERISAI

Pedang Enam Belas and Perisai are the 16 Royal Ceremonial Swords with golden or silver bands on the hilt held against the right shoulder by 16 Awang-Awang dressed in ceremonial attire with the 16 Perisai (round shield) carried in the left hand.




PEMURAS AND KARGA

Pemuras is a large gun held against the right shoulder by a Panglima Raja wearing a red ceremonial attire and the Karga, its bullets, is held on the left shoulder while Karga is on the right one.




KELASAK AND KAMPILAN

Kelasak is a shield carried by a Panglima Asgar dressed in a full red ceremonial attire in his right hand while his left hand holds the Kampilan which is a wide parang with a straight blade and a sharp end.




TOMBAK BENDERANGAN

Tombak Benderangan is the 16 Royal Ceremonial Spears with golden and silver bands carried by 16 Awang-Awang, held against the right shoulder wearing ceremonial attire.




SINIPIT AND TAMING

Sinipit is a spear decorated with a red Bendera Pisang-Pisang at the tip and Taming is a kind of shield. Both Sinipit and Taming are carried by 40 men of Sakai origins wearing red suits with their heads covered with Dastar, and trousers trimmed with yellow stripes to accompany the Sultan, Pengiran Muda Mahkota and the Wazirs when attending a particular Royal Ceremony. Each of them holds the Sinipit in their right hand and the Taming in the left.



GANGSA

Gangsa is used during the Royal Wedding Ceremony.




PUAN KERAJAAN

Puan Kerajaan is used for keeping flowers. It is made of silver or as such and it is octagonal. The Puan Kerajaan are carried by seven boys who are the sons of the Cheterias wearing Ceremonial attire and standing on both sides of the Patarana.



Tarian Kerajaan is made of silver which resembles a vase. There are seven vases carried by seven boys who are the sons of the Cheterias wearing ceremonial dress standing on both sides of the Patarana.




TARIAN

Tarian is used especially for a formal ceremony such as during the Royal Wedding Ceremony or as such. There are eight Tarians which are similar to the Tarian Kerajaan and are carried by Pahawai and standing on both sides of Patarana at the arranged spots.




CHUPU

Chupu is used during the Royal Wedding Ceremony.




PUAN

Puan used especially for formal ceremony such as the Royal Wedding Ceremony or the like. There are eight Puan altogether. The shape is similar to Tarian Kerajaan. During the ceremony these Puan are carried by Pahawai wearing ceremonial dress and standing on both sides of Patarana at particular places.




KASKUL LANGGUAI

Kaskul Langguai has an octagonal shape and similar to Langguai (a kind of bottle). It is filled with four betel caddies boxes, carried by Awang-Awang wearing ceremonial dress as the Sultan’s attendants in the Coronation Ceremony or during a formal ceremony.




KABUK PANASTAN

Kabuk is a container for storing water while Panastan which is the base is made of silver or as such. There are 16 Kabuk Panastan altogether carried by 16 Pengirans in a particular ceremony such as the Coronation Ceremony or the Royal Wedding Ceremony.



PANGKUPAN

Pangkupan is made of crystal or porcelain according to its particular shape or design placed into a brass receptacle, gangsa. It is for keeping scented flowers and carried by Awang-Awang and Dayang-Dayang during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony and the Royal Bersiram (Bathe) Ceremony.




SINGGAHSANA

Singgahsana is a throne where the Sultan sits at the palace and also used as a seat for Raja Isteri when she is crowned during a Coronation Ceremony or used for other ceremony with similar usage. The top of the SInggahsana has a shape of Mahligai with peleher and decorated with Nanglong, Patra, Buah Butun, Ganta and Alamat similar to Patarama. The peleher of the Singgahsana is engraved with Quranic verses suitable to its function.




LANGIT-LANGIT

Langit-langit is usually made of cloth or thin wool used to decorate the lower part of the ceiling as a covering (an atap) or it is made of silk cloth decorated with holes carving from parda which is either glued or embroidered. Langit-Langit is carved with interwines design at the edges and the corners are carved with a suitable design that matches the edges. While the centre of the langit-langit is carved matching to the situation of the place.




PEMAJANGAN

Pemajangan is a white cloth used to cover (as a roof) a particular area as decoration in a carriage or as decoration along the route of any ceremony and around the Pemajangan is decorated with the Rawai Lidah. Later the name Pemajangan is widely used for the whole area to be decorated with it and the name is also adapted according to the place where the Pemajangan is used sucah as Pemajangan Kenaikan, Pemajangan Pelaluan, Pemajangan Istana, Pemajangan Lapau, Pemajangan Kenderaan and others.




RAWAI LIDAH

Rawai Lidah is made of red cloth and the shape is similar to the tongue. It is fixed onto a white cloth as its background along the Pemajangan or in the palace or Lapau for decoration between the upper joint of the wall and ceiling. At present, it is made of wood.




KINDUA

Kindua is used to decorate the canopy. It is square. Originally, Kindua is made of yellow cloth place. One hasta long and its size depends on the intended ceremony or at a particular place where the ceremony The Kindua will be hung or fixed at the centre of a particular centre of the particular ceremony is held in the palace., at the centre of the Lapau or infront of the Patarana or inside the Patarana or at any place relevant to the ceremony. At present, Kindua is made of wood.



PUADAI

Puadai is a white cloth laid out from the palace staircase towards the Lapau or along the route which is passed by the Sultan during a particular ceremony such as the Coronation Cermenony or passed by the Royal Bride and Bridegroom during the Royal Wedding Ceremony. Actually for the Sultan or a person of the same status with him, a yellow or red carpet is used as the Puadai.




USONGAN

Usongan is a Royal gilded carriage. It is used to transport the Sultan and the Royal Family during a particular ceremony such as Coronation Ceremony or the Royal Wedding Ceremony. As determined by the customs and traditions, the Usongan will have special seating with props and cloth-spread. The carriage is carried by 40 Pengirans. At present, the Royal carriage has wheels to enable it to be drawn easily by selected personnel.




TAJOK

Tajok is a Royal Wedding ornament made of gold. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony. It is placed on the head with the hair in a bun. The ornament has flowers arranged in three levels on both left and right sides. To keep it in place, the hair is woven around a stripe of black cloth tied to the ornament.




KARANG TEMBUSA

Karang Tembusa is a Royal wedding ornament made of gold and precious stones. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony. It is placed on the back of the neck (nape) tied with jasmines coiled to the hair and the Tajok to keep in place the position of the Tajok on the head.




AYAM-AYAM BERNAGA

Ayam-Ayam Bernaga is a Royal wedding ornament made of gold. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony. It is placed on the Tajok and tied with black cloth or to the hair to prevent it from failing.



SISIR

Sisir is a Royal wedding ornament made of gold. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony. It is slipped into the hair and its position is a little lower than the Tajok.




BUNGA GOYANG

Bunga Goyang is a Royal wedding ornament made of gold. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony. It is placed between the Sisir and the threaded jasmine twined around the head which leads below the nape (below the Karang Tembusa).




SERBANG

Serbang is a Royal wedding ornament made of gold. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony. It is placed on the forehead.




GAGATAR

Gagatar is a Royal Wedding ornament made of gold. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony. It is placed below the nape, tied and joined to the Serbang.




KANCHING

Kanching is a Royal wedding ornament made of gold. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony. It is worn on the neck and on the chest which looks like a necklace with lockets in tiers.




PANDING

Panding is a Royal wedding ornament made of gold. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony and sometimes worn during the Berpacar Ceremony. It is worn on the hip to tie the Kain Kapit. The Head of the Panding, the Kepala Panding is placed exactly on the mid of the abdomen, that is right in front of the Kain Kapit.




GELANG PENGULUAN

Gelang Penguluan is a Royal wedding ornament made of gold. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony and sometimes worn until on the day of the Royal Wedding Ceremony. The ornament is worn on both hands.




GELANG GERONCONG

Gelang Geroncong is a Royal wedding ornament made of gold. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony and sometimes worn until the day of the Royal Wedding Ceremony. The ornament is worn on both legs.




PUNTU

Puntu is a Royal wedding ornament made of gold. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony. This ornament is worn on both arms.




AZIMAT

Azimat is a Royal ornament made of gold. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony, on both hands but a little lower from the position of the Puntu.




MUDAPUN

Mudapun is a Royal wedding ornament made of gold. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony. It is placed above the Kanching.




KOPIAH BERPISNIN

Kopiah Berpisnin is a Royal ornament which is worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony, Royal Wedding Ceremony, Berambil-ambilan Ceremony and Mulih Tiga Hari Ceremony.




KERIS

Keris is a Royal wedding ornament which is worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony. It is placed into the Panding on the right hip.




KUAS

Kuas is a Royal wedding ornament made of gold. Worn during the Royal Berbedak Ceremony and Royal Wedding Ceremony on both shoulders. It is studded with precious colourful stones and tasseled.